Scaling and Root Planing
Taking care of your teeth is essential for maintaining good oral health. When your oral health is neglected, it can lead to gum disease (periodontal disease), which is a serious, progressive condition. However, when it starts, you may not think anything is wrong. This is because the symptoms of the earliest stage of gum disease – red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush or floss – are often overlooked, or missed altogether. When gum disease has reached more advanced stages, professional treatment is required. At Todd Rogers Dental, we can help to stop the progression of gum disease with scaling and root planing. We use laser to treat periodontal patients.
The Progression of Gum Disease
Gum disease starts with the buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth. Both of these components irritate your gum tissue, which leads to inflammation. When your gums swell, they pull away from your teeth, creating a space for bacteria and other contaminants to fall into. Under the gum tissue, the bacteria continue to irritate your gums. It also attacks your periodontal ligaments and your jawbone. Eventually, your gums recede, your teeth become loose, and you may even experience tooth loss. Bacteria can even enter your bloodstream and can contribute to the development of serious health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Plaque builds up on your teeth throughout the day. It is easily removed with a toothbrush. If you ignore a proper oral hygiene routine, plaque continues to collect. It eventually hardens into tartar, which cannot be brushed away. It has a rough texture, which promotes further plaque and bacterial buildup. Scaling is a procedure designed to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the surfaces of your teeth, including between them and just under the gum line. This removes the irritation of your gums and allows them to begin to heal.
The roots of your teeth can collect plaque and bacteria as well. Root planing is designed to remove plaque, bacteria and other toxins from the roots of your teeth, smoothing them. Bacteria have a much harder time attaching to a smooth surface. When performed in conjunction with scaling, the treatment is quite effective.
Your Periodontal Procedure
Before we begin scaling and root planing, we first need to inspect your mouth to ensure that it is the right course of treatment. We visually inspect your mouth and measure your periodontal pockets. We also take digital images so we can see the extent of the damage below the gum line.
If scaling and root planing is deemed to be the best treatment, we will begin the procedure. If necessary, we can administer a local anesthetic, which will help to manage any pain and discomfort. We then start with scaling. Using a specialized scaling tool, we remove all buildup from the surfaces of your teeth, including between them and below the gums. Scaling tools are designed to remove even the most stubborn tartar.
After scaling, we then move on to root planing. We carefully work to smooth the surfaces of your tooth roots. We then finish with an antimicrobial rinse below the gums, which will help to kill any remaining bacteria.
Benefits of Scaling and Root Planing
There are several benefits to scaling and root planing:
Scaling and root planing is an excellent treatment to stop the progression of gum disease and allow your gums to heal. However, it is not a permanent solution. Maintaining a good oral hygiene routine is critical to preventing a new infection from occurring. For more information, and to schedule your consultation, contact Todd Rogers Dental today at (719) 357-4425!